You probably don’t need to ask what is Android. Android Phone is available at home in India today. Lets know about What is Android – History and Future
Android has become a very important mobile platform in the whole world by improving itself in a very short time.
By the way, many will know about what is Android and what are its benefits, but there are many people who are completely new in the world of Android and who do not have any information about it.
In such a situation, this article will be very beneficial evidence for those people, along with those who have a lot of knowledge, they will also get to learn something new.
By the way, if I tell the truth, many of us use Smartphones, but they do not know whether their mobile phone is Android or Windows or iOS.
Android or Windows or iOS.
There is nothing wrong in this because everybody works in different fields, so if I ask a teacher to cut wood, then he might not be able to do this, to teach a woodcutter, he cannot do it.
In the same way, not all people have such information about Mobiles or Computers, that is why we always want the team of Gujju24 to provide information related to computer, mobile or Internet of those needy and in collaboration with you in this purpose Have been successful to some extent.
Keeping in mind the same purpose, today I am going to give you complete information about what is the Android Operating System so that the next time someone asks you any information related to Android Phones or Android, you are also able to answer it.
Can be Because I believe that if you do not know any information, then there is nothing wrong in it, but if you do not want to know anything new then there is a lot of wrong in it.
Android is not a phone nor an application, it is an operating system that is based on the linux kernel.
If I say it in easy language, Linux is an operating system that is mainly used in server and desktop computer.
So Android is just a version of Linux that has been created after a lot of modification. Yes but it is related.
Android is an operating system it designed keeping the mobile in view.
So all the functions and applications of the phone can be run easily in it.
Whatever you see in the phone’s display are all part of the operating system.
Whenever you get a call, text message or email, your OS processes it and presents it to you in readable format.
Android OS has been divided into many versions and according to their features, operation, stability, which have been given different numbers.
So if you have ever heard a name like Android Lollipop, Marshmallow or Nougat then let me tell you that these are all different version names of Android OS or Operating System.
History of Android Inc.
Android Inc. The original creators of Andy Rubin, which Google bought in 2005, and after that they were made the core of Android Development.
Google bought Android because they felt that Android is a very new and interesting concept, with the help of which they can create powerful but free operating system and which later proved to be true.
With the help of Android, Google got a good reach of younger audience and with this, very good Android employees also joined Google.
On March 2013, Andy Rubin decided to leave the company and decided to work in his second project.
Why Android is a Great Mobile Operating System
Android is such a great mobile operating system that has been created by Google, if seen, the software made by Google is used in almost all mobile phones in the world today.
Except Apple’s i Phones only. Android is a Linux-based software system. Like Linux is an open source software and with it it is also absolutely free.
This means that other mobile companies can also use Android Operating Systems. The distinguishing factor in this is that this brand’s kernel.
Hosts Android’s Central Core, which is essentially a strip code and helps the software to operate.
Versions of Android
Below I have mentioned about the different version of Android Operating System. These are the versions that Android has released so far.
And maybe we have used many for the last few years and still do.
- Android 1.0 Alpha
- Android 1.1 Beta
- Android 1.5 Cupcake
- Android 1.6 Donut
- Android 2.1 Éclair
- Android 2.3 Froyo
- Android 2.3 Gingerbread
- Android 3.2 Honeycomb
- Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
- Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.4 KitKat
- Android 5.0 Lollipop
- Android 5.1 Lollipop
- Android 6.0 Marshmallow
- Android 7.0 Nougat
- Android 7.1 Nougat
- Android 8.0 Oreo
- Android 8.1 Oreo
- Android 9.0 Pie
- Android 10
Android OS Evolution – Journey from Android Beta to Pie
I think all of you must be using Android Phones, or even using Tablets which use Android Operating System.
Let me tell you that Android was developed by Google and Open Handset Alliance. After that Android has been releasing its brand new versions since November 2007.
One interesting thing is that Android Versions is given a special code name and is released in alphabetic order. This work is being done since April 2009.
It has different names like Cupcake, Donut, Éclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice cream sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie. Seeing the name, you would have come to know that it is named after desserts from all over the world.
Android Versions and their features
Now I am going to tell you about different versions of Android Operating System so that you will know what changes Android has brought in different versions.
1. Android Beta
It was the first Android version and was released in November 2007.
2. Android 1.0
This was the first commercial version released on September 23, 2008.
It had many options akin to Android Market utility, Internet browser, zoom and plan full HTML, and XHTML internet pages, cameras assist, entry to internet e-mail servers; G mail; contacts; Calendar; maps; Sync; Search; Talk; YouTube; WI-Fi etc.
3. Android 1.1
This version is also known as “Petit Four” and was released in February 9, 2009. The longer in-call screen timeout feature was by default when you use the speakerphone.
Along with this, there was also the facility to save attachments of messages in it.
4. Android 1.5 Cupcake
This Android 1.5 version was released on April 30, 2009, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the primary model that was named after a dessert.
This updated version had many features such as support for Widgets, third party virtual keyboard, video recording and playback, animated screen transitions etc.
and with it you could upload videos to YouTube and photos to Picasa.
5. Android 1.6 Donut
It was released on September 15, 2009, and was based on Linux Kernel 2.6.29.
This version had many such features as multilingual speech synthesis, gallery, camera, camcorder etc. With this, it also supported WVGA screen resolutions.
6. Android 2.0 / 2.1 Eclair
Eclair was released on October 26, 2009, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29.
This change also had many features like expanded account sync, Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1 support.
With this, by tapping the contacts photo in it, you could also call, SMS or email someone, with this, it also had the facility of search all saved SMS and MMS.
Along with this, other features like new camera features, improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, improved google maps 3.1.2 were also available.
7. Android 2.2.x Froyo
Froyo means Frozen Yogurt and was released on May 20, 2010, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.32.
In Froyo, you also supported Android Cloud to Device Messaging service, Bluetooth enabled car and desk docks, numeric and alphanumeric passwords.
8. Android 2.3.x Gingerbread
December 6, 2010, Gingerbread was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.35.
It had many options like extra-large display screen sizes, quicker textual content enter within the digital keyboard, enhanced copy paste performance, help for Close to Subject Communication, New Obtain Supervisor and so on.
With this, Gingerbread and many other things were supported like multiple cameras on the device, improved power management, concurrent garbage collection etc.
9. Android 3.x Honeycomb
This version Android 3.0 was released on February 22, 2011.
It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. It had a new virtual and “holographic” user interface with which added system bar, action bar and redesigned keyboard were also attached.
Along with this, other features like multitasking, allows multiple browser tabs, provides quick access to the camera, support video for chat using Google Talk were also available.
10. Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich
The Ice Cream Sandwich model was publicly launched on October 19, 2011.
Its supply code was made out there on November 14, 2011.
With the help of this version, folders could be easily created, many features were available such as separation of widgets in a new tab, integrated screenshot capture, better voice integration, consist of face unlock, with customizable launcher, improved copy and paste functionality.
Android 4.0 consist of Android Beam a near field communication feature and support Web image format.
11. Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Google released Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) in June 27, 2012, and was based on Linux kernel 3.0.31.
The main objective of this version was how to increase the functionality and performance of the user interface.
This version has many features like bi-directional text, ability to turn off notifications on apps, offline voice detection, along with Google Wallet, shortcuts and widgets, multichannel audio, Google Now search application, USB audio, audio chaining etc.
In its second model, which was 4.2, it had many new options similar to new redesigned clock app and clock widgets, a number of person profiles, Photospheres, Daydream ScreenSavers and so on.
12. Android 4.4 “KitKat”
Google released 4.4 KitKat in October 2013, along with the Nexus 5 Smartphone.
This is the first time in the history of Google that Google has partnered with another brand for Android mascot.
Yes friends Google did a huge marketing campaign with Nestle to promote KitKat.
The main objective of the company was to make this new OS even more efficient, faster and less resource intensive.
This OS could also run in low-end hardware and old hardware so that other manufacturers could use it in their existing models.
This also gave them more encouragement. It also had some very special features about which I have mentioned below.
Google Now in the home screen
Unified Hangouts app
Redesigned Clock and Downloads apps
Also Read : How to Earn Money from Google 2020
13. Android 5.0 L
When Android L was about to be released, there was a lot of whisper among the people about its name, some giving it Licorice, some Lemonhead and some giving it the name of Lollipop.
And when it was launched on October 15, 2014, it was named Android Lollipop. Many such features were adopted in it which were not mehjud before.
Improved Material Design, excellent color interfaces, playful transitions and more.
Multitasking was redefined so that it could work even better
Some changes have been made in the notification so that you can view all notifications simultaneously in HomeScreen and can also cancel it.
Best Battery Life
This mobile Os has not only been limited to the phone itself, but now Android Wear has also been promoted so that you could use it in your hands.
14. Android 6.0 Marshmallow
This version of Android was released on October 5, 2015. It was very similar in appearance to the previous Os.
But some important changes were brought in it which made it somewhat different. I have mentioned below about some such features so that you can get more information about it.
With the help of Google Now on Tap, you can do other work without closing any app. In this, you just have to press the Home button for a long time and Google Now will be overlay with your current app.
There was a slight improvement in Cut & Paste. So that the user has ease of use.
From Voice Search directly Lock Screen, previously only camera and emergency call could be made but now Voice Search can be done easily with it.
Changes in App Permission, in which earlier users had no rights over it, it means that users could not change it but now it can be changed for which you must first go to Settings> Apps> [tap a particular app]> Permissions Features can be turned on and off.
Google Setting in one place
For Smart Lock Passwords
New UI tuner setting
With this, you can also easily edit the Quick Setting Menu.
15. Android 7.0 Nougat
Android Nougat was released with Google’s Pixel (Pixel XL) phones on October 4, 2016. It had a lot of exciting features that were not useful in earlier Android Versions.
Night Light through which you can easily fall even at night without any trouble
Fingerprint swipe down gesture, for this you just have to swipe your finger across the screen
Daydream VR Mode
Circular app icons support
With this, some special features were also made available for Google’s Pixel users. for example
Pixel Camera app
Smart Storage: As soon as storage is over, storage deletes the old backup so that a new store can be created.
Phone / Chat support
Dynamic calendar date icon.
16. Android 8.0 OREO
This was a much better Android Os update which has been replaced by the new update, if I say more about it then this 8.0 Oreo was released on August 18, 2017.
Currently, you can use it on a few devices such as Pixel, Pixel XL, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus Player, and the Pixel C.
and other SmartPhones will be available by the end of 2017.
Enhanced Battery Life
Picture-in-Picture (PiP) According to this, if you are watching a movie and if you have to send an email, then you can easily do this work.
Smart Text Selection
Notification dots in which if some new notification comes in any apps, then it will be seen on it.
Better Google Assistant
New Autofill feature
Wi-Fi Awareness In this, your mobile will automatically start itself by coming into a wifi zone.
More Safe and Secure
17. Android 9.0 Pie
The most recent Android Os update is now.
It has been named Android Pie, and has many new and exciting features that make it special.
If you have a Pixel smartphone, then you will get all the updates of Android Pie comfortably but only digital detox elements Excluding.
Other Android smartphones such as Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, OnePlus and Essential will get these updates within a few months.
Google itself has stated that all these devices are only part of their Beta program.
Now let’s know what new options are there on this Android replace.
Adaptive Battery: Adaptive Battery has been used in it, which uses machine learning to make apps functional properly.
Apart from this, apps are used in an energy-efficient manner so that they are turned ON only if the user does not use them, then they remain in inactive condition.
Adaptive Brightness: It provides ambient lighting according to your personal preferences, and makes those adjustments for you in the background.
App Actions: This is a very new feature in which Os can predict what action you are going to take next on top of the user’s app use. This app can be about predictions.
Android Dashboard: It has been specially designed to understand the habits of the user, which can provide you meaningful engagement.
It can show you how many times you unlock your phone, how many notifications you received, how many apps you used.
With this, it gives you control of how and when you are spending your time.
App Timer: This feature gives you control of how long you want to use your apps, at the end of time, it provides you with noticfication.
This is going to be very important for those who want to use their time properly.
Slush Gesture: With this feature, you can turn your phone and automatically bring it to Do Not Disturb mode.
Wind Down Mode: In this feature you just have to tell the Google Assistant about your bedtime and when that time is near, it automatically turns on Do Not Disturb and turns the grey scale mode of your screen is.
Also Read : How to make money with Quora
18. Android X
Google’s latest Mobile Os, which has not yet been released.
After Android P, many new features have been added to it and keeping in mind the safety and security of users, new safety features have also been installed in it.
Now let’s also know about some special features of Android Q.
Better Permissions Controls
Compared to the rest of Android version, we will get to see much better permission control in it, so that the user will get more control over his phone.
Gonna provide support to fold-able phones
It has been heard that Samsung and other companies are about to launch fold-able phones soon and in such a situation they will need a new OS. So it has already been tailored to fold-able phones.
In this, sharing can be done much faster than the first Os version. Which is going to be very useful for users later.
Built-in screen recording
It has the facility of built-in screen recording so that screen recording can be done easily.
In-app settings panel
There are many such settings provided in the In-app settings panel, which can increase the usability of the user.
System-wide dark mode
This was a much awaited update that was desired by many android users. So they have provided system wide only dark mode in the new update.
Depth formats for photos
In photos too, he has used depth formats to make this better, so that the resolution of photos can be greatly improved.
HDR10 + Support
It has now started supporting HDR10 + as well.
New theming options
In this, many new theming options have been provided so that now users can easily choose their desired theme.
Better privacy protections in Android
As Android had already promised that they will strengthen the privacy protection of the new OS even further and they have done the same with this new OS.
Do Android updates cost money?
Downloading and installing Android Updates is absolutely free. By updating, you can find many new features in your mobile phone.
And with this, the speed and performance of your Android Phones increase with each update.
In mostly new and high-end Android Phones, you can get new Android updates first. Yes, let’s assume that you will get at least one update in all Android phones and you can get updates twice in any phone.
Are Android’s Biggest Competitors Apple and Windows Phone
Apple may be the biggest competitor of Android, but with it Windows Phone has also joined this race.
Gradually, but Windows Phone is also spreading its foot and is developing itself according to a reputable mobile ecosystem.
Supposed that Apple and Android phones are still the first choice of people in the market, yet Windows Phone tried to increase curiosity among people by giving good cameras in Nokia Mobiles.
Apple started both the Smart Phone and Tablet industries together when they released the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010.
Both of these were not only good in the market, but also supported a lot by the people. In the same way, Android too has acquired a significant amount of possession all over the world.
If we talk about popularity, then Apple is still performing better than Android.
This “Open Source” Model makes Android unique
The biggest competition of Android Smart Phones and Tablets comes in Apple iPhone and iPad.
For example, in iOS we cannot change the default browser from Safari to Google Chrome.
In Apple, you have many restrictions in these default apps, which makes it a big problem to use them and you cannot even try anything new in it.
At the same time, with Android being Open Source, you can use your desired apps in it.
The use of these two is very old, here I want to tell you one thing that all this is a matter for personal preference.
The rest is up to you what kind of Smart Phone you want to use.
By the way, the way Android is launching its new products and adopting the latest technology, according to that, the future of Android is looking very bright.
Recently, Google has already given predictions about its future with strange gadgets like Smart Watch, Google Glass, Google Cars.
We hope that Google is even more successful in this historic step. And for the help of common people, create even more wonderful things.
I sincerely hope that I’ve given you full details about what’s Android and I hope you all have understood about Android.
I request all of you readers that you just too ought to share this info in your neighborhood, kinfolk and associates, in order that our consciousness will likely be there and it’ll profit everybody.
your support so that I can convey more new information to you.
It has at all times been my endeavor that I at all times assist my readers or readers from all sides, in case you folks have any doubt of any sort, then you’ll be able to ask me irresponsibly.
I will definitely try to solve those Doubts. How did you feel about this article Android, please tell us by writing a comment so that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.
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